Racial Makeup: Mexican-American/Hispanic
Gang Colors: Green, Red and White
* Initials "EME."
* Mexican Eagle; Feathered war shield over crossed machetes
* Initials 'MM' or 'M.'
Many intelligence personnel and officers confuse the Mexikanemi from Texas with the EME from California. Great care should be taken in evaluating these distinct groups. Some believe the Mexikanemi share identical tattoos and symbols with EME, but there are subtle differences to be taken into account when attempting to associate membership.
* Texas Syndicate
* Raza Unida
* New Mexican Mafia ( Arizona )
* Black Guerrilla Family
* La Nuestra Familia
* Aryan Brotherhood of Texas ( ABT )
* Mexican Mafia ( EME )
* Hernanidad de Pistoleros Latinos ( HPL )
* Latin Kings
* Members are Mexican-American/Hispanic inmates.
* The wives, girlfriends, and relatives of the EME are held in extremely high regard due to their support of drug transactions, financial activities, and mail-forwarding operations.
* The EME is generally considered a "blood in, blood out" organization.
Criminal Activity: Sales of narcotics, murder, gang related violence, extortion, escape, weapons violations and assault.
The EME uses killing as a means of discipline or gaining respect. EME killings are extremely gruesome and calculated to establish fear and intimidation.
History: The original Mexican Mafia (EME) was formed in the Devel Vocational Institute of the California Prison System in Tracy, CA. between 1957 - 1960. Twenty Mexican Americans from East Los Angeles formed the core of the gang and originally named the California gang the "Mexikanemi Science Temple of the Atzlan", a religious group that worshipped an ancient pre-Hispanic creed (cultural heritage). As the organization grew, it rapidly changed into a criminal organization involved in extortion, narcotics trafficking, and murder both inside and outside the prison system walls.
Between 1960 - 1967, the California prison system became aware of the Mexikanemi's criminal activity, broke the group up and relocated them to different prisons. Active recruitment continued by the Mexican Mafia, as they are now called, and the gang basically took control of the California prisons.
In 1967, the Nuestra Familia prison gang (which is comprised of inmates from the northern rural areas of California) and the Texas Syndicate (made up of inmates from Texas) formed to defend themselves against the Mexican Mafia (EME), the Aryan Brotherhood, and Black prison gangs that existed in the California penal system. Members of the Texas Syndicate migrated back to Texas from California and were eventually arrested and re-incarcerated in the Texas Department of Correction.
A 1982 lawsuit ruling in Texas ( Ruiz vs. Estella ) resulted in the elimination of the "Building Tender System" in the Texas Department of Corrections. "Building Tenders" were inmates who were selected by the guards to assist in controlling the other inmates at the prison farms, ranches and other facilities. This ruling allowed the Texas Syndicate to fill the power vacuum and start to take over TDC.
The current Mexican Mafia of Texas was formed in the Texas Prison System in 1984 to protect the Hispanic inmates of the Texas Prison System from the Texas Syndicate.